Colored Troops infantry division struggled through marshy ground from the land side. The gunboats were quickly driven off, and the infantry attack was abandoned. Description: On May 10, elements of Maj. Description: On May 10, Brig. After delaying the Union advance, the Confederates withdrew. Philip Sheridan embarked on a cavalry raid against Richmond.
The outnumbered Confederate cavalry was defeated, and Maj.
Stuart was mortally wounded. After refitting, Sheridan rejoined the Army of the Potomac on May 25 for the march to the southeast and the crossing of the Pamunkey. Benjamin Butler withdrew into his entrenchments at Bermuda Hundred. A Confederate army of 18, was patched together under command of Gen.
On the 13th a Union column struck the right flank of the Confederate line at the Wooldridge House, carrying a line of works. Butler remained cautious, however, giving Beauregard time to concentrate his forces. Subsequent attacks lost direction in the fog, but the Federals were disorganized and demoralized. After severe fighting, Butler extricated himself from battle, withdrawing again to his Bermuda Hundred Line. Description: In conjunction with his Spring offensive, Lt. Grant ordered Maj. Franz Sigel to move up the Shenandoah Valley along the Valley Pike with 10, men to destroy the railroad and canal complex at Lynchburg.
At New Market on the 15th, Sigel was attacked by a makeshift Confederate army of about 4, men commanded by Maj. John C.
A. P. Hill
At a crucial point, a key Union battery was withdrawn from the line to replenish its ammunition, leaving a weakness that Breckinridge was quick to exploit. Threatened by the Confederate cavalry on his left flank and rear, Sigel ordered a general withdrawal burning the North Fork bridge behind him.
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Sigel retreated down the Valley to Strasburg and was soon replaced by Maj. David Hunter. Description: On May 20, Confederate forces under Gen. About 10, troops were involved in this action. On May 23, , one of A. On the 24th, Union infantry was repulsed at Ox Ford the snout but advanced to near the Doswell House on the Confederate right. Lee hoped to strike an offensive blow, but he was ill, and the opportunity for defeating an isolated part of the Federal army passed. Grant outflanked the position by moving downstream and continued his advance on Richmond.
Edward Wild about 1, men. The Confederates entrenched behind Totopotomoy Creek. The II Corps forced a crossing of Totopotomoy Creek in two places, capturing the first line of Confederate trenches, but the advance was stopped at the main line. The Federals were driven back to Shady Grove Road after heavy fighting.
Confederate Brig. George Doles was killed by a sharpshooter near Bethesda Church on June 2. Principal Commanders: Brig. David M. Gregg [US]; Maj. Fitzhugh Lee and Maj. Wade Hampton [CS].
After seven hours of mostly dismounted cavalry fighting, the Federal advance was stopped. Both Confederate and Union infantry began arriving in the vicinity as the cavalry fighting raged. Description: With the armies stalemated along the Totopotomoy Creek line, the Federal cavalry began probing east and south. David Black Dave Hunter renewed the Union offensive. While trying to stem the retreat of his soldiers, Jones was killed.
The retreat became a rout.
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More than 1, Confederates, including 60 officers, were captured. Jones lost three guns. Hunter occupied Staunton on June 6 and, after a pause to await the arrival of Brig. Description: On June 9, Maj. Benjamin Butler dispatched about 4, cavalry and infantry against the 2, Confederate defenders of Petersburg. Afterwards, Butler withdrew. This was called the battle of old men and young boys by local residents. Description: To draw off the Confederate cavalry and open the door for a general movement to the James River, Maj. Philip Sheridan mounted a large-scale cavalry raid into Louisa County, threatening to cut the Virginia Central Railroad.
Sheridan drove a wedge between the Confederate divisions, throwing them into confusion. On the 12th, fortunes were reversed. Hampton and Lee dismounted their troopers and drew a defensive line across the railroad and the road to Gordonsville. From this advantageous position, they beat back several determined dismounted assaults. Sheridan withdrew after destroying about six miles of the Virginia Central Railroad. This was one of the bloodiest cavalry battles of the war. Confederate reinforcements arrived from Richmond and from the Totopotomoy Creek lines.
By June 2, both armies were on the field, forming on a seven-mile front that extended from Bethesda Church to the Chickahominy River. Grant commented in his memoirs that this was the only attack he wished he had never ordered. The armies confronted each other on these lines until the night of June 12, when Grant again advanced by his left flank, marching to James River. On June 15, the rest of the army began crossing on a 2,foot long pontoon bridge at Weyanoke.
Abandoning the well-defended approaches to Richmond, Grant sought to shift his army quickly south of the river to threaten Petersburg. Lee and Gen.
Beauregard [CS]. The 5, defenders of Petersburg under command of Gen. Beauregard were driven from their first line of entrenchments back to Harrison Creek. By now the Confederate works were heavily manned and the greatest opportunity to capture Petersburg without a siege was lost. The siege of Petersburg began. Union Gen. James St. Description: From Lexington, Maj. David Hunter advanced against the Confederate rail and canal depots and the hospital complex at Lynchburg.
Reaching the outskirts of town on June 17, his first tentative attacks were thwarted by the timely arrival by rail of Lt. Jubal A. Hunter withdrew the next day after sporadic fighting because of a critical shortage of supplies.
His line of retreat through West Virginia took his army out of the war for nearly a month and opened the Shenandoah Valley for a Confederate advance into Maryland. Principal Commanders:Lt. Luebke, Peter C. Virginia Foundation for the Humanities, 29 Nov. Thank you!
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